An infection caused by a mosquito bite of the Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, chikungunya has no treatment or cure. The virus lasts for about five to seven days in most humans, after which nearly all patients recover. The symptoms include fever, joint pain, headache, nausea, and skin rashes. There are no anti-viral medicines available currently and thus, it is important to keep one’s immune system strong, as it is the best way to fight the disease. Here is how the risk of chikungunya can be reduced:
- The best way to avoid chikungunya infection is to prevent mosquito bites. Keep your surroundings clean and don’t let mosquitoes breed in them.
- Wear clothes that cover the body.
- Apply a skin insect repellent.
- Avoid wearing too much perfume and aftershave.
- Stay away from areas with stagnant water.
- Use mosquito nets and close windows in the evening to prevent mosquitoes from entering the house.
- Shower daily and use unscented shampoos. Mosquitos are believed to be attracted to the smell of perfume and sweat.
- Keep the toilet seat down when not in use.