Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) – Symptoms & Treatment

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a condition in which a woman’s levels of sex hormones (estrogen and progesterone) are out of balance. Their bodies also start producing a higher than normal level of androgen, which is primarily a male sex hormone. It could result in multiple cysts in the ovaries, making child bearing difficult or impossible. According to a survey, 1 in every 5 women in India, between the age group 15-30, suffer from Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.

Here is what you need to know about this condition:

Symptoms

  • Irregular periods
  • Excessive body hair or hirsutism
  • Weight gain
  • Acne
  • Oily skin
  • Increased anxiety and depression
  • Thinning hair on the head
  • Fatigue
  • Pelvic pain
  • Insomnia and/or sleep apnea

Causes

  • Family history
  • Type II diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Stress
  • Lifestyle changes such as unhealthy food habits, excessive consumption of alcohol, and smoking

Treatment

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome has no cure, so the treatment primarily focuses on controlling the symptoms and preventing further complications. It is recommended that one consult a doctor immediately, to discuss the suitable medicines and further prognosis. One can also opt for homeopathy, which is a comparatively safer mode of treatment. Simple lifestyle and dietary changes such as consumption of a low-calorie diet, regular exercise, and moderate intake of alcohol are imperative.

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